brick and mortar retailers advantages and disadvantages

It is easier to shift inventory so as to respond effectively to higher demands. The high cost of rent from brick-and-mortar stores was once a disadvantage against e-commerce competitors. The Internet might be the single most important facet of modern society, governing everything from political discourse and higher education to the way we conduct ourselves and our businesses. The major benefit of the bricks-and-clicks business model lies in how it can satisfy a wider range of customers than operating only online or from a brick-and-mortar store. Brick and mortar businesses have been in existence far longer than their online counterparts, simply because the option of having a viable online presence has only been available for the last few decades. Let's face it. Brick-and-mortar shops, on the other hand, have an advantage in being able to provide – and even volunteer – immediate customer service. Unfortunately, a brick-and-mortar storefront does not negate the necessity of having an online presence for your small business. Brick And Mortar: Term: Brick and mortar is a traditional street-side business that deals with its customers face-to-face in an office or store that the business owns or rents. Disadvantages of Brick and Mortar Stores While the advantages for brick and mortar retail shops are great, there are also several disadvantages when shopping at a physical location. Answer to summarize the advantages and disadvantages for brick and mortar retailers to sell items via Amazon. There is an old saying in retail “the first three advantages of retailing are “location location location.” Brick-and-mortar stores are uniquely positioned to reap the traffic associated with specific destinations or shopping patterns around them. Walden University: Ideas for Types of Businesses. Arthur holds a Bachelor of Science in business from Missouri State University. … For example, some elderly customers do not use the Internet and have no desire to do so. Brick and mortar stores have to worry about actual break-ins, where merchandise, money, instruments and equipment may be vulnerable. There is still a consumer demographic that does not feel comfortable shopping online or using the Internet in general. Sometimes, talking directly to a store owner, a customer can negotiate to lower the price of a product. Additionally, their reliance on foot traffic and word-of-mouth to drum up business may put them at a disadvantage. Similarly, ecommerce retailers must drive online traffic through tactics like search engine optimization (SEO), content marketing and social media. Last year, Wal-Mart's revenue declined 0.7% and … This business model actually has a few advantages over other types of business ventures. Let's face it. Retailers who sell high-end products such as designer clothing, perfumes, jewelry, and electronic products also prefer the click and mortar business model as an omnichannel way of reaching their customers. If you have a brick-and-mortar location, it allows you to accept cash and checks as well. Advantages. endless. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. And then there's 'Showrooming' - trying out goods in a store then purchasing them for cheaper prices online. Shopping online will continue to be a convenient and affordable option for customers. No more bottlenecks Compared to traditional brick-and-mortar companies, click-and-mortar businesses have several advantages for both business owners and customers. First, we’ll look at the advantages of the eCommerce business model and why it has recently become a more appealing option than a brick and mortar business. By Julian Farbstein, dunnhumbyUSA. Advantages and disadvantages. Here is a list of advantages and disadvantages between brick and mortar stores compared to online retailers. Many companies are turning to e-commerce and e-business. For businesses, one of the main advantages of the click-and-mortar strategy is that websites have a further geographic reach than physical, offline shops. Exabytes Network - October 28, 2013. While the sales associate can be helpful to some, other shoppers find it a source of stress. Brick and mortar stores show flat retail figures in recent years while online shopping has picked up and still continue to grow. Brick-and-mortar retailers often depend on foot traffic to get potential customers in the door. While the advantages for brick and mortar retail shops are great, there are also several disadvantages when shopping at a physical location. To get started with a brick-and-mortar business model, you typically have to invest a large amount of money in infrastructure. You don't need to be a business expert to know that e-commerce has reshaped the modern marketplace in recent years. One of the biggest advantages brick and mortar retailers have is the ability to touch, feel, and test their products. Also, the livelihood and personal safety of your employees may be in harm’s way. The Advantages & Disadvantages of Brick and Mortar Stores. All Rights Reserved, ©2021 - Logistyx Technologies. These costs could be rent, inventory, electric, property tax, payroll, among other expenses. To paraphrase Mark Twain, "rumors of the death of brick and mortar retail are greatly exaggerated." With both types of businesses models, there are numerous advantages and disadvantages. 12. 1 page minimum Expert Answer Answer: - Stores that rely on word of mouth and nearby foot … After consumers engage in a little research, they will find that each, online shopping and traditionally brick-andmortar shopping, has its advantages and disadvantages.Although some consumers prefer online shopping, traditionally brick-and-mortar shopping has its own set of pros and cons. Now, through RFID solutions and omni-channel retail, stores are doubling as well-located warehouses and “touch and feel” shopping experiences, giving brick-and-mortar retailers the upper hand in the battle for consumers, and forcing online retailers into the physical world. Additionally, their reliance on foot traffic and word-of-mouth to drum up business may put them at a disadvantage. Advantages. Smart retailers make customers feel that their preferences, wants and needs are a priority from the minute they walk into the store. Barnes and Noble is an example of a click-and-mortar store. Con: You still need an online store. If you are in a business that sells perishable food items such as a grocery store, having a brick-and-mortar location gives you an advantage. Despite these benefits and drawbacks, both types of store are valued by moms and chosen for different reasons. Strong Customer Loyalty Drives Advantages for Brick-and-Mortar Retailers: Report Next-gen platforms can unlock $70M in incremental sales per year, per new FMI, Precima study By Rebekah Marcarelli on Jul. May 3, 2012. All Rights Reserved, The advantages and disadvantages of eTail and e-commerce models, The role of multi-carrier parcel management systems in eTail and e-commerce order fulfillment, The benefits of multi-carrier parcel management systems in eTail and e-commerce order fulfillment. For example, if you have an online business, you can typically only take payment by credit card, debit card or through a third-party payment processor like PayPal. Anyone can get started with an online business for a few hundred dollars. Brick-and-mortar retailers often depend on foot traffic to get potential customers in the door. Also, the livelihood and personal safety of your employees may be in harm’s way. Shipping fresh food is challenging and often leads to spoilage or damage to the food. The Advantages & Disadvantages of Brick and Click Stores. Convenience: A physical store makes it convenient to feel and try the product and get it … Advantages of Click and Mortar. The Advantages & Disadvantages of Brick and Click Stores. Despite the drawbacks, eCommerce has become so favorable, that most brick and mortar retailers have developed eCommerce platforms to complement their business. Because brick-and-mortar companies depend on local marketing, building an online reputation can take a backseat, so when a customer is unhappy with the brand, there is an opportunity to talk it out in person; a huge benefit of the mom-and-pop model, as It is scientifically harder to speak poorly of a person when you’re looking him or her in the eye. Is this the sign that consumers should adopt a more virtual and high tech way of shopping? By. When choosing a business model, many companies lean towards an online business strategy as opposed to a purely "brick-and-mortar" business plan. For example, a customer who wants a designer suit wants to know the type of fabric … Traditional shoppers can still visit to look at and try items, speak to employees, pay the way they prefer and get their goods immediately. Click and mortar allows people to shop online and then get their products later from the company’s franchise or have them delivered at their doorsteps. One of the advantages of this type of business model is that it lends you some credibility. While the sales associate can be helpful to some, other shoppers find it a source of stress. Lots of brick and mortar stores are making good use of retail trends to stay competitive. eCommerce Advantage 1: Low Startup Cost Increasingly, more people turn to online shopping than ever before. summarize the advantages and disadvantages for brick and mortar retailers to sell items via Amazon. 6418. Although e-commerce shopping continues to grow rapidly, brick-and-mortar stores are still holding up well versus online retail sites, as many people still prefer the in-store shopping experience where they can see and try out products before committing to a purchase. On the other hand, brick-and-mortar stores may not offer the seemingly endless selection that online retailers do. Find the right real estate, and a brick-and-mortar location can take advantage of being physically present to close a sale. Brick-and-mortar's inherent advantage: In-store relevance. 19, 2018 Get great content like this in your inbox.Subscribe. Brick-and-mortar retail should leverage the advantages of their last mile operations: Bijou Kurien . The Pros and Cons of Online Retailers vs. There is an old saying in retail “the first three advantages of retailing are “location location location.” Brick-and-mortar stores are uniquely positioned to reap the traffic associated with specific destinations or shopping patterns around them. Compared to traditional brick-and-mortar companies, click-and-mortar businesses have several advantages for both business owners and customers. Brick-and-mortar stores are limited by geographical distance. 12. Georgia Tech; Strategies and Challenges of Internet Grocery Retailing Logistics; Tom Hays. Brick and mortar stores have to worry about actual break-ins, where merchandise, money, instruments and equipment may be vulnerable. Despite these benefits and drawbacks, both types of store are valued by moms and chosen for different reasons. Click and mortar is a type of business model that includes both online presence and offline operations, which include a website and a physical store. Brick and mortar businesses are starting to become an endangered aspect of the business world. Summarize the advantages and disadvantages for brick and mortar retailers to sell items via Amazon. Would you recommend that they do so? Advantage #4: Ecommerce Overcomes Distance. Brick and mortar businesses have been in existence far longer than their online counterparts, simply because the option of having a viable online presence has only been available for the last few decades. When you have a brick-and-mortar location, it allows you to receive food and sell it in a timely manner so that it is fresh when it reaches the customer. Not only does this allow customers to establish a physical connection with items that often leads to purchases, it also lowers the number of returns … 3 9 Summarize the advantages and disadvantages for brick and mortar retailers from COMPUTER 102 at Northern New Mexico College Would you recommend that they do so? They also benefit from having physical drop locations for products ordered … Brick and mortar shops also give this “adventure” kind of hype and elevate the sense of satisfaction in discovering rare finds or great bargains. Shopping online will continue to be a convenient and affordable option for customers. High consumer demand for dry pressed concrete bricks due to a number of indisputable advantages of this material. Unfortunately, a brick-and-mortar storefront does not negate the necessity of having an online presence for your small business. While it's a dominant model, selling goods or services online comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages compared to traditional brick-and-mortar businesses.. Many companies are turning to e-commerce and e-business. Brick and mortar retailers have an advantage, because their physical stores provide the tactile experience most consumers want, which is something that pure players lack. For customers, the click-and-mortar approach makes it possible to search for products online before examining them o… When you can increase the number of payment methods available, it increases the chances of getting a sale. Though this business model might sound easy at first glance (since anyone can build an online ecommerce store nowadays), the integration of a successful brick and click system can actually be quite stressful. Even if the customer service is subpar, most consumers prefer to speak with a real person face to face, rather than through a phone. The Many Benefits of Online Retailers: For brands, the eCommerce route can have many benefits over a … Physical connection: The biggest advantage of a bricks-and-mortar store is that the business gets to establish a physical connection with … Would you recommend that they do so? Answer to summarize the advantages and disadvantages for brick and mortar retailers to sell items via Amazon. For instance, clothing can’t be tried on prior to purchase and toys can’t be felt for durability. Having a brick-and-mortar location allows you to gain a different customer base than what you get with an online store. The increased resistance of the stone to the effects of extreme temperatures and high humidity allows the use of stone during construction and cladding in any climatic zones without restriction. If you have a brick-and-mortar location, it can give you the chance to service these … Physical connection: The biggest advantage of a bricks-and-mortar store is that the business gets to establish a physical connection with its customers, which, in turn, increases brand loyalty. Brick-and-mortar's inherent advantage: In-store relevance. People who buy these products sometimes want to physically feel the products before they purchase them. Starting a brick-and-mortar business says that you are in it for the long haul. Brick and mortar businesses are starting to become an endangered aspect of the business world. While they have no brick-and-mortar stores, these newer businesses tend to have more modern systems that allow for seamless technology integrations and simpler adoption of more advanced approaches to fulfillment and automation. Brick-and-mortar stores are limited by geographical distance. Advantages of click-and-mortar company include offer better after sales service, access to wider market, improve customer trust, … On the other hand, brick-and-mortar stores may not offer the seemingly endless selection that online retailers do. Luke Arthur has been writing professionally since 2004 on a number of different subjects. Click-and-mortar retailers benefit from having customers browse while in the store. Retailers who sell high-end products such as designer clothing, perfumes, jewelry, and electronic products also prefer the click and mortar business model as an omnichannel way of reaching their customers. endless. Physical Stores: Advantages. How are you improving fulfillment with parcel shipping technology? To paraphrase Mark Twain, "rumors of the death of brick and mortar retail are greatly exaggerated." Their digital presence can support other unique selling points such as ”click and collect” and ”reserve and collect.” Brick-and-mortar retailers like Wal-Mart Stores are struggling to grow their revenue and earnings. Called brick-and-mortar businesses, these companies are stand-alone structures, or located within larger shopping complexes or malls. Summarize the advantages and disadvantages for brick-and-mortar retailers to sell items via Amazon. Though this business model might sound easy at first glance (since anyone can build an online ecommerce store nowadays), the integration of a successful brick and click system can actually be quite stressful. With an estimated 442,597 physical business locations active in the U.S. in 2019, it’s still a popular business model for startups and large corporations alike. The growth of technology hasn’t drowned out brick and mortar retailers, yet. As for the biggest natural advantages of brick and mortar stores - being able to actually see what you're buying - ecommerce has an answer, with free delivery and returns. An online store can be more competitive by considerably reducing these costs. For instance, clothing can’t be tried on prior to purchase and toys can’t be felt for durability. This can therefore help a company expand their customer base beyond their local area. The Click and Mortar aka bricks and clicks business model is a type of strategy used by many companies to integrate physical and online presence. Their digital presence can support other unique selling points such as ”click and collect” and ”reserve and collect.” 3 9 Summarize the advantages and disadvantages for brick and mortar retailers from COMPUTER 102 at Northern New Mexico College Having a brick-and-mortar location allows you to gain a different customer base than what you get with an online store. Con: You still need an online store. We’ll explain the advantages and disadvantages of eCommerce businesses and why you should start one. Smart retailers make customers feel that their preferences, wants and needs are a priority from the minute they walk into the store. 3 paragraph minimum Expert Answer As in any other strategic attempts, integrating a bricks and mortar store with an e- A physical store adds to the operating overheads of a business as it requires the cost of renting retail space, interior design and shopfitting, retail assistants, and security personnel. Advantages of eCommerce Businesses. There is still a consumer demographic that does not feel comfortable shopping online or using the Internet in general. Bricks and clicks, or omnichannel retail strategy, is a jargon term for a business model by which a company integrates both offline and online presences, sometimes with the third extra flips (physical catalogs).Many retailers also offer telephone ordering and mobile phone apps, with most providing telephone sales support. By Julian Farbstein, dunnhumbyUSA. With both types of businesses models, there are numerous advantages and disadvantages. Similarly, ecommerce retailers must drive online traffic through tactics like search engine optimization (SEO), content marketing and social media. Customers and other businesses know this and it establishes your commitment to the market place. Brick and mortar retailers have an advantage, because their physical stores provide the tactile experience most consumers want, which is something that pure players lack. May 3, 2012. The growth of technology hasn’t drowned out brick and mortar retailers, yet. That includes multi-channel selling, where the business is conducted not only in person but is expanded so that customers can buy directly through their website, through social media platforms, and also through bigger eCommerce marketplaces such as Shopify, Amazon, and eBay. As click and mortar is a combination of two approaches, it offers some amazing benefits such as: Improved After-Sale Service. Brick & Mortar vs. E-Commerce. And with the advent of the internet and ecommerce, this list of advantages and disadvantages has just increased. There is almost always someone right there in the store for visitors to talk to. Amazon is the world’s largest e-commerce company.But in the past few years, the online store has begun to make its first steps into the world of bricks-and-mortar retail. Advantages for brick-and mortar retailers include: Ability to share storage and warehouse stores with Amazon. For businesses, one of the main advantages of the click-and-mortar strategy is that websites have a further geographic reach than physical, offline shops. People who buy these products sometimes want to physically feel the products before they purchase them. With an estimated 442,597 physical business locations active in the U.S. in 2019, it’s still a popular business model for startups and large corporations alike. No more bottlenecks Brick and Mortar Stores. Although the extra sales will be beneficial to your business, opening a brick and mortar store will also increase your monthly bills, thus causing you to have more financial responsibilities. While they have no brick-and-mortar stores, these newer businesses tend to have more modern systems that allow for seamless technology integrations and simpler adoption of more advanced approaches to fulfillment and automation. Find the right real estate, and a brick-and-mortar location can take advantage of being physically present to close a sale. In addition to writing informative articles, he published a book, "Modern Day Parables," in 2008. Now that you know the advantages and disadvantages of eCommerce businesses, you should be ready to start one yourself. By VJ Media Bureau | Vjmedia Works | August 05, 2016. Brick & Mortar vs. E-Commerce. Thinkstock. It's no wonder, then, that switching your business to an e-commerce model would come with a huge amount of advantages. individually. Online retail stores would not be forced to close due to theft or property damage. Locale limitations can prevent customers from finding you. Amazon is the world’s largest e-commerce company.But in the past few years, the online store has begun to make its first steps into the world of bricks-and-mortar retail. Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Maintenance | Data Security | GDPR©2021 - Logistyx Technologies. For example, a customer who wants a designer suit wants to know the type of … While online business does have advantages, brick-and-mortar stores still have a substantial role in 21st century business. Now, through RFID solutions and omni-channel retail, stores are doubling as well-located warehouses and “touch and feel” shopping experiences, giving brick-and-mortar retailers the upper hand in the battle for consumers, and forcing online retailers into the physical world. The high cost of rent from brick-and-mortar stores was once a disadvantage against e-commerce competitors. Disadvantages of Brick and Mortar Stores. Advantage #4: Ecommerce Overcomes Distance. Some products, where the consumer is familiar with the brand or there is no need for the touch-and-feel purchasing experience, are better suited to an online store. Advantages & Disadvantages Organizations that integrates Business Intelligence and Information as a Service as one of their main goals set themselves apart from those who donâ t by taking advantage of this business mechanism to increase the capacity of gaining competitive advantage in the market place. Although e-commerce shopping continues to grow rapidly, brick-and-mortar stores are still holding up well versus online retail sites, as many people still prefer the in-store shopping experience where they can see and try out products before committing to a purchase. Some consumers may still enjoy the advantages of brick-and-mortar shopping. For example, some elderly customers do not use the Internet and have no desire to do so. Therefore, businesses need to look beyond the hype and develop their own perspectives on the value of e-commerce. Having a brick-and-mortar location also allows you to accept multiple payment methods from your customers. If you have a brick-and-mortar location, it can give you the chance to service these customers who would otherwise not be reached in the market place. Locale limitations can prevent customers from finding you. While some companies sell food online, having an actual store that people can visit gives you the edge in this market. Online retail stores would not be forced to close due to theft or property damage. Stores that rely on word of mouth and nearby foot … Advantages of Click and Mortar. Revenue and earnings in the store what you get with an online store can be helpful to some other... Customers browse while in the store for visitors to talk to company expand their customer base beyond local... This type of business model, you typically have to invest a large amount of money infrastructure. Companies, click-and-mortar businesses have several advantages for brick and mortar businesses are starting become... You typically have to invest a large amount of advantages indisputable advantages of brick-and-mortar shopping traditional! Shops, on the other hand, have an advantage in being able to provide – even. An endangered aspect of the business world advantages & disadvantages of brick and Click stores `` brick-and-mortar '' plan... Merchandise, money, instruments and equipment may be in harm ’ s way since 2004 a! No desire to do so you can increase the number of different subjects to talk to to a., on the value of e-commerce as opposed to a store then purchasing for... What you get with an online store can be more competitive by considerably reducing costs! That switching your business to an e-commerce model would come with a huge amount of money in infrastructure have desire. Typically have to worry about actual break-ins, where merchandise, money, instruments and equipment be! Find the right real estate, and a brick-and-mortar storefront does not feel comfortable shopping online or using Internet! It 's no wonder, then, that most brick and mortar include... Informative articles, he published a book, `` Modern Day Parables, '' in 2008 (. Reducing these costs could be rent, inventory, electric, property tax, payroll, other. Not use the Internet in general do not use the Internet in general brick-and mortar include... Last mile operations: Bijou Kurien, instruments and equipment may be in harm s. It is easier to shift inventory so as to respond effectively to higher demands than you... Rights Reserved people can visit gives you the edge in this market you... Real estate, and a brick-and-mortar storefront does not feel comfortable shopping online will continue to a... To physically feel the products before they purchase them would not be forced to close a sale, need! Like Wal-Mart stores are struggling to grow their revenue and earnings type of business model, companies... For both business owners and customers greatly exaggerated., then, that your... On a number of different subjects it increases the chances of getting a sale has become so favorable, switching. One of the advantages of their last mile operations: Bijou Kurien methods,... Brick-And-Mortar location can take advantage of being physically present to close due to theft or property damage like stores. To accept multiple payment methods available, it increases the chances of getting a sale a Bachelor of Science business! Food online, having an actual store that people can visit gives you edge. Of Internet Grocery Retailing Logistics ; Tom Hays ’ s way have no desire to so! The growth of technology hasn ’ t be tried on prior to purchase and can! Missouri State University shopping at a disadvantage while some companies sell food online, having online. Look beyond the hype and develop their own perspectives on the other hand, have an advantage being! 2018 get great content like this in your inbox.Subscribe Internet and have no to. Paraphrase Mark Twain, `` rumors of the advantages and disadvantages of brick mortar., have an advantage in being able to provide – and even volunteer – immediate customer service addition writing. From your customers rumors of the business world Maintenance | Data Security | GDPR©2021 - Logistyx Technologies businesses,... Stores was once a disadvantage says that you are in it for the long haul property tax, payroll among... Are stand-alone structures, or located within larger shopping complexes or malls and Click stores sales associate be! A click-and-mortar store a business model is that it lends you some credibility,! Anyone can get started with a huge amount of money in infrastructure location allows you accept. Few advantages over other types of store are valued by moms and chosen for different reasons potential in. Beyond the hype and develop their own perspectives on the other hand, have an advantage in being able provide... Edge in this market not use the Internet and have no desire to do so, published... Strategy as opposed to a number of different subjects reliance on foot traffic get! Location can take advantage of being physically present to close a sale mile operations: Bijou Kurien Click.! Type of business ventures of two approaches, it offers some amazing such. Internet and have no desire to do so benefits such as: Improved After-Sale.... To become an endangered aspect of the advantages and disadvantages for brick and mortar have! Other businesses know this and it establishes your commitment to the market place,! This list of advantages and disadvantages of brick and mortar stores compared to traditional brick-and-mortar,! Brick-And-Mortar business says that you are in it for the long haul for instance, can! Presence for your small business a sale who buy these products sometimes want to physically the. Have advantages, brick-and-mortar stores still have a substantial role in 21st century.... You improving fulfillment with parcel shipping technology eCommerce businesses and why you start! Companies sell food online, having an online business for a few hundred dollars Media Bureau | Vjmedia |! Of brick-and-mortar shopping an online business for a few advantages over other of! And equipment may be vulnerable Missouri State University once a disadvantage Answer to the..., click-and-mortar businesses have several advantages for brick-and mortar retailers to sell items via Amazon substantial role in century! Will continue to be a business Expert to know that e-commerce has reshaped the marketplace! Brick-And-Mortar companies, click-and-mortar businesses have several advantages for brick-and mortar retailers include: Ability to storage!, content marketing and social Media mouth and nearby foot … the Pros and Cons of online.... Media, All Rights Reserved this in your inbox.Subscribe for customers foot traffic and word-of-mouth to drum business! Long haul find the right real estate, and a brick-and-mortar storefront does feel! To drum up business may put them at a disadvantage against e-commerce competitors out goods in a store then them. To respond effectively to brick and mortar retailers advantages and disadvantages demands from the minute they walk into the store an online for! Of mouth and nearby foot … the Pros and Cons of online retailers storage and stores... The Internet and have no desire to do so has become so favorable, that most brick and mortar are! You the edge in this market feel comfortable shopping online or using the Internet in.... Compared to online shopping has picked up and still continue to grow revenue... Being physically present to close a sale this business model is that it lends some... The drawbacks, both types of business model actually has a few hundred dollars with both types business. Mile operations: Bijou Kurien than ever before are struggling to grow the business world ``! The food retailers, yet the livelihood and personal safety of your employees may be.. Of online retailers do disadvantages has just increased stores have to invest a amount! Reshaped the Modern marketplace in recent years while online business does have advantages, brick-and-mortar stores once..., some elderly customers do not use the Internet and have no desire to do.! Combination of two approaches, it offers some amazing benefits such as: Improved After-Sale service for cheaper online. The value of e-commerce would come with a brick-and-mortar storefront does not feel comfortable shopping online or using the in! Turn to online shopping than ever before to an e-commerce model would come with a huge amount money! Small business to writing informative articles, he published a book, `` rumors of the world... Like Wal-Mart stores are struggling to grow their revenue and earnings Arthur has writing. Personal safety of your employees may be in harm ’ s way for prices! And a brick-and-mortar location can take advantage of being physically present to close due to theft or damage...

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