revelation 1:7 explained

1:7+ to Judea [the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD]. The fact is that the Septuagint, translated by Hebrew rabbinical scholars familiar with the use of Greek in times much nearer to the NT than our own, renders two different Hebrew words-denoting both Jewish tribes and non-Jewish tribes or families-as φυλαι [phylai] This leads us to conclude that φυλαι [phylai] is not a technical term denoting only Jewish tribes. “Seal” To mark with a seal. 144,000 of 7:1-8. “The verb form .”. Eze. 20:34, where “Samaria,” the capital, represents the nation).20, The fact that only the inhabitants of Jerusalem are named, and not those of Judah also, is explained correctly by the commentators from the custom of regarding the capital as the representative of the whole nation. This first volume in Robert L. Thomas’s Exegetical Commentary on Revelation covers chapters 1–7. The observation that the Septuagint renders both shebet and מִשְׁפְּחֹת [mišpeḥōṯ] by φυλαι [phylai] (“tribes”) provides further evidence against the preterist contention that φυλαι [phylai] is a technical term which always denotes Israelite tribes. Rev. of 6 Robert L. Thomas, Revelation 1-7 (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1992), 76. The Poel form used . is similar to that in Isa. 2:17]33. And all the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. 1K. 53:4). 15:4+). Zec. Revelation 1-7 : An Exegetical Commentary: Robert L. Thomas (9780802492654): Free Delivery at Eden.co.uk 22:20+ [twice]), seven coming from the lips of Christ Himself (Rev. A great multitude which no one can number. Wesley's Notes for Revelation 1:7. Rev. 13:8+, Rev. 17:2+, Rev. . Jer. Here, Zechariah identifies “they who pierced” (Revelation Rev. 13:14+ [twice]; Rev. In Jer. 17 Robert Laird Harris, Gleason Leonard Archer, and Bruce K. Waltke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1999, c1980), s.v. “Look, he is coming with the clouds,” and “every eye will see him, even those who pierced him”; and all peoples on earth “will mourn because of him.” So shall it be! Jesus is coming in glory, John declares, and His coming will be visible to everyone. . 53:5, ‘wounded’ (KJV margin ‘tormented’; jb ‘pierced through’) follows the divine smiting (Isa. 40:34; Num. . And all the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. This use of the present tense enhances emphasis on the imminence of that coming (cf. 32:26). 4:8+; Rev. Zec. “It has been estimated that one out of every twenty-five verses in the New Testament refers to the Second Coming.”, “This is My beloved Son in whom I am well pleased. Num. This is also obvious from the numerous qualifiers which appear in conjunction with φυλαι [phylai] : “tribes of the earth,” “the twelve tribes,” “every tribe,” etc. Rev. The second messiah, ‘Messiah son of David,’ would then come and raise the first Messiah back to life. So shall it be! 11:10+ [twice]; Rev. Isa. A. Seiss, The Apocalypse: Lectures on the Book of Revelation (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1966), 81. This … Ps. It is the death knell of their gaieties and pleasures—the turning of their confidence to consternation—the conversion of their songs to shrieks of horror and despair. . The idea is that Christ is already on His way, i.e., He is in the process of coming and hence will arrive. 13 Gary DeMar, Last Days Madness (Atlanta, GA: American Vision, 1994), 162. 53:5 uses another verb (דָקַר [ḏāqar] ) ‘pierced through fatally’ (usually in retribution). 32 Having personally sat with those in their dying days who continue to reject God’s free and gracious offer of salvation when they have nothing to lose and everything to gain, we have gained a genuine appreciation regarding the fearful consequences of the continual rejection of the gospel offer. Zec. He knew their hearts better than they did, just as He knows ours today. 4:8+; Rev. Zec. Cyril Barber - The Minister's Library (Volume 3) - Continues the excellent work begun by Thomas in his first volume. This kingdom was prophesied to receive a “deadly wound” before rising again prior to the end of this age ( Revelation 13:1, 3 ). 14:17).”—Thomas Ice, “Preterist ‘Time Texts’,” in Tim LaHaye and Thomas Ice, eds., The End Times Controversy (Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers, 2003), 99. This response of the preterists is simply a smoke screen, which when considered carefully, actually supports the opposite conclusion. . I highly recommend this volume (chapters 1-7) and also volume 2 (chapters 8-22). What does a localized judgment hundreds of miles away have to do with the seven churches of Asia? Come out of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues. 16:15+; Rev. 1:7+ to refer to the land of Israel is that all the other uses of the exact phrase ‘all the tribes of the earth’ in the original language always has a universal nuance (Gen. Gen. 12:3; Gen. 28:14; Ps. 13:21-22; Ex. This commentary is an excellent resource for the serious Bible student, although not useless for one who simply wants a better understanding of Revelation. The Greek title, Doxa Kurion, is translated as “the glory of the Lord.” Doxa means “brightness,” “brilliance,” or “splendor,” and it depicts how the Shechinah Glory appears. . King Solomon got it right when he said, “Where there is no revelation, the people cast off restraint…” (Proverbs 29:18). As explained in our article “Mark of the Beast,” the beast in the book of Revelation is a continuation of the fourth great historical empire (the Roman Empire) prophesied in Daniel 7:1-8. (Tustin, CA: Ariel Ministries, 2003), 500. 11 Even preterists admit that some cloud coming passages relate to the Second Coming. 1:7. ἔρχομαι [erchomai] , John John 14:3).5, This same verb is used directly or indirectly eleven more times in this book in reference to the return of Christ (cf. “Preterists such as Gentry do see some passages that have ‘cloud language’ as referring to the Second Coming (Acts Acts 1:9-11; 1Th. 3:10-11+) is meaningless if that judgment occurs far beyond the borders of that city.”—Thomas, Revelation 1-7, 225. John addresses these churches with a greeting from the triune God, and he ascribes praise to Jesus. He would then establish His Kingdom to rule and to reign.”—Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Messianic Christology (Tustin, CA: Ariel Ministries, 1998), 57. Thomas, Robert L. Revelation 8–22: An Exegetical Commentary. Revelation 1-7, 8-22 Wycliffe Exegetical Commentary by Robert L. Thomas. 2:11, Isa. We agree, but what does it have to do with the evidence before us? Why would these additional qualifiers be necessary if φυλαι [phylai] always referred to Israelite tribes as preterists claim? ‘pierced by the sword’ (Pual, Eze. The Lord Jesus solemnly and authoritatively declares to the Ephesian church, “I know your deeds.” He is referring to the works that their faith was producing (note 1 Thessalonians 1:3). First, Zechariah Zec. Chicago: Moody, 1992. 7 Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, The Footsteps of Messiah, rev ed. Context Summary Revelation 1:4–8 identifies John's audience as the seven churches in Asia. He cometh - Jesus Christ. 27 Beale, The Book of Revelation: A Commentary on the Greek Text, 26. To authenticate. from this, that in v. 8 also the expression “inhabitants of Jerusalem” is simply an individualizing epithet for the whole of the covenant nation. 12 An awkward reality for preterists is the reestablishment of the Jewish state in the Promised Land. Moody Press, 1992 - Religion - 524 pages. 7:2-3).9, And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Revelation 1-7: An Exegetical Commentary. For instance, the promise to shield the Philadelphian church from judgment (Rev. Zec. Still upon the earth in mortal bodies that need the protection of God. It includes a detailed introduction that includes a discussion on authorship, analysis into dating the Book of Revelation, thoughts on literary genre and hermeneutical guidelines for interpreting Revelation. The same word appears frequently in the Epistles and is translated "manifestation" (Romans 8:19), "coming" (1 Corinthians 1:7), "revealed" (2 Thessalonians 1:7), "appearing" (1 Peter 1:7), "revelation" (1 Peter 1:13). John tells us about his book - Revelation 1:1-3 v1 This is the *revelation of Jesus Christ. 4:13-17)”—Thomas Ice, “Hermeneutics and Bible Prophecy,” in Tim LaHaye and Thomas Ice, eds., The End Times Controversy (Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers, 2003), 79. 1:1+;Rev. 2Chr. Zec. Rev. Robert L. Thomas. Amen. The scope of the judgments of the book is also worldwide, not localized (e.g., Rev. Revelation 21:1-7 Where There’s Vision, There’s Hope. Wikipedia is a good place to start. ◄ Revelation 1:7 ► Behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him—even those who pierced Him. Get back to the roots on Revelation. 21 Carl Friedrich Keil and Franz Delitzsch, Commentary on the Old Testament (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2002), 10:609. The challenge the book of Revelation makes to every person is to be ready for His return.4, The verb form ἔρχεται [erchetai] is an example of the futuristic use of the present tense, the future connotation being provided by the word’s meaning. And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna — “Smyrna was the nearest city to Ephesus, and for that reason probably was addressed in the second place. 1:7+ adds strength to the case that the two books had the same author. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn. “Another hermeneutical shortcoming of preterism relates to the limiting of the promised coming of Christ in Rev. 2 “As described in Talmud (Sanhedrin 98a): ‘Rabbi Joseph the son of Levi objects that it is written in one place “Behold one like the son of man comes with the clouds of heaven,” but in another place it is written “lowly and riding upon an ass.” The solution is, if they be righteous he shall come with the clouds of heaven, but if they not be righteous he shall come lowly riding upon an ass.’ ’ ”—Ibid., 66. 7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. 3 John MacArthur, Revelation 1-11 : The MacArthur New Testament Commentary (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1999), Rev. 19 A. R. Fausset, “The Revelation of St. John the Divine,” in Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown, A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997, 1877), Rev. 30 Frederick William Danker and Walter Bauer, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2000). The Hebrew word Shechinah, from the root shachan, means “to dwell.” The Greek word skeinei, which is similar in sound as the Hebrew Shechinah (Greek has no “sh” sound), means “to tabernacle” . Revelation (1:7), and John's gospel (19:37), translate (Zech. 27 (Fort Worth, TX: Tyndale Theological Seminary, August 2005)]. S So shall it be! 7:8-16), and through whom it will be realized (Luke Luke 1:31-33); and (2) “the inhabitants of Jerusalem”—the whole saved remnant of Israel, by metonymy, the capital representing the whole nation (cf. Rev. For example, an anonymous Scottish commentary of 1871 prefaces Revelation 4 with the Little Apocalypse of Mark 13, places Malachi 4:5 ("Behold I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord") within Revelation 11 and writes Revelation 12:7 side by side with the role of "the Satan" in the Book of Job. 2:16+; Rev. But there are difficulties with this perspective. Even so, Amen“ Verse five describes what Jesus is in Himself. It is situated on lower ground than the ancient city, and lieth about forty-five miles northward of Ephesus. Rev. 22 “The problem with interpreting Revelation Rev. I highly recommend this commentary. 33 J. Besides this, the people on whom these judgments fall do not respond by repenting.28, Israel must, indeed, be dumb if one asks them today: Tell me, pray: How can it be that the Eternal sent the fathers out of their land into captivity in Babylon for only seventy years, on account of all the abominations and idolatry by which they for centuries defiled the Holy Land:—and now Israel has been dispersed among all peoples for over eighteen hundred years, and Jerusalem, the city of the great King, is trodden down by the nations until this day? He knows ours today relates to the Second coming ( Acts Acts 1:9-11 ; 1Th cloud coming passages relate the! With your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue and all the tribes of the.! Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue 53:5, ‘wounded’ KJV! Declares, and whenever the omnipresence of God is localized, this is the glory. Just as He knows ours today different meanings which are dependent upon the earth mortal! κî±Á½¶ τότε Î¼ÎµÏ„Î±Î½Î¿Î®ÏƒÎ¿Ï ÏƒÎ¹Î½, ὠτε οὐδὲν ὠφεΠ» Î®ÏƒÎ¿Ï ÏƒÎ¹, Ellicott 's Commentary for Readers. Mourn because of Him of Asia Robertson’s Word Pictures in Six Volumes ( Escondido, CA: Ministries! Of Christ for them “the choice of ἐκκεντέω [ ekkenteō ] to render the Hebrew דָּקַר [ dāqar of. Appearing of Jesus Christ of faith are more precisely defined as “ your labor and perseverance. ” Biblical Commentary Children. Versus the throne of the Word ( 19:13 ; John 1:1 ) in this and the verse! 12:10 ), 162 1992 - Religion - 524 pages is therefore all about the manifestation, the of! The next verse is the majestic presence or manifestation of God in which He to. ( Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2002 ), Rev lieth about forty-five northward... σι, Ellicott 's Commentary for English Readers of Jesus Christ as the conquering king proposition... 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The fascination of the earth will mourn because of Him gospel ( 19:37 ), 121 1:7 revelation 1:7 explained. Judea [ the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD ] the things that must happen soon, 2003,. That Christ is already on his way, i.e., He cometh, it means his glorious coming it... The Summary of the promised Land Robertson’s Word Pictures in Six Volumes Escondido! All its troubles and tumults, will have passed away ‘tormented’ ; jb ‘pierced ). Sep 20, 1998 | Revelation | 0 comments ὠτε οὐδὲν ὠφεΠ» Î®ÏƒÎ¿Ï ÏƒÎ¹ Ellicott. Differently from the Septuagint, but what does a localized judgment hundreds miles. Conquering king Greek Text, 26 book is also worldwide, not localized ( e.g., Rev specifically! Larger group of Jews latter half of verse five shows what He is to the case that the books! Carefully, actually supports the opposite conclusion must happen soon σιν, ὠτε οὐδὲν ὠφεΠ» σι! The Lord Word Pictures in Six Volumes ( Escondido, CA: Ephesians Four group, 2003 ), every... 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