how long is the ohio river

This Year's Great Ohio River Swim Salutes The Late Bill Keating, Jr. The following three factors come up in conversations as to why. From there, it flows northwest through Allegheny and Beaver counties, before making an abrupt turn to the south-southwest at the West Virginia–Ohio–Pennsylvania triple-state line. We were told over 30,000 recreational boats locked through the Pittsburgh He is traveling down the Ohio River from Pittsburgh, PA to Cairo, IL – a trip of almost 1,000 miles. I have explored it by canoe, cabin cruiser, deck boat, steamboat and towboat. In May, 1782, Pennsylvania farmer, Jacob Yoder, became the first person to successfully navigate a flatboat from Brownsville to New Orleans, demonstrating how the rivers could be used to reach distant markets and to settle the West. The largest tributary of the Mississippi River, the Ohio River winds through six states and is 981 miles long. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The river formed on a piecemeal basis beginning between 2.5 and 3 million years ago. The Ohio River flows through or along the border of 6 states: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The Ohio River is a major river artery of the east-central United States. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. For decades, much of the Ohio River was used as an industrial sewer. At the confluence, the Ohio is considerably bigger than the Mississippi (Ohio at Cairo: 281,500 cu ft/s (7,960 m3/s); Mississippi at Thebes: 208,200 cu ft/s (5,897 m3/s)) and, thus, is hydrologically the main stream of the whole river system. Ohio River Basin. While not developed for hydropower in Ohio, the river, kept at a navigable depth of 9 feet (3 metres), carries cargoes of coal, oil, steel, and manufactured articles. It begins at the confluence at the of the Allegheny river at the Point in Pittsburgh, PA, and flows 981 miles to join the Mississippi at Cairo, Ill. Abe Lincoln was 19 years old the first time he traveled down Federal status was awarded in 1981. The falls were designated a National Natural Landmark in 1966. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Iroquois Indians had begun to settle between the Ohio River and Great Lakes by 1650, although it is estimated that only a few hundred lived in present-day Ohio during any one period. I have traveled the entire 981 miles of the Ohio River several times. This information is primarily for use by civil defense officials and by others concerned with problems involving travel time of river water. Numerous excursion boats also use our locks as they cruise the rivers entertaining and educating area residents and tourists. He was in Louisville this week participating in the Labor Day Hike, Bike, and Paddle. The river’s name comes from the Seneca (Iroquoian) Ohiːyo’, a proper name derived from ohiːyoːh, meaning “good river”. In this Oct. 7, 2014, file photo, traffic on the Brent Spence Bridge passes in front of the Cincinnati skyline while crossing the Ohio River to and from Covington, Ky. In the early 1950s the Army Corps of Engineers began replacing the old structures with 20 modern locks and dams with higher lifts and much longer lock chambers. The Ohio is a beautiful river with amazing scenery. Built in 1995, this 418 foot long, 6 deck riverboat is the largest steamboat ever built. Ends in Cairo, IL; emptying into the Mississippi river. Ohio River Locks and Dams Map has a variety pictures that linked to locate out the most recent pictures of Ohio River Locks and Dams Map here, and with you can get the pictures through our best ohio river locks and dams map collection.Ohio River Locks and Dams Map pictures in here are posted and uploaded by secretmuseum.net for your ohio river locks and dams map images collection. Interesting facts about Mount Rainier National Park, Interesting facts about the Blue Ridge Mountains. Native Americans and early European settlers used it heavily, especially to access the West. Some are wary of going out on the Ohio River. And so the Ohio River became their highway, and flatboats their means of transportation. David G wrote a review Nov 2020. The Ohio River is formed by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at Point State Park in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is one of the tributaries of the Mississippi River which is popular for being the river’s largest tributary by volume. The dams raise the water level and have turned the river largely into a series of reservoirs, eliminating shallow stretches and allowing for commercial navigation. René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is said to have been the first European to see the Ohio, in 1669, and he descended it until obstructed by a waterfall (presumably the Falls at Louisville). Two of the transportation connections between Ohio and Kentucky in the Cincinnati metropolitan area were closed on the same day, leaving one side of the Ohio River cut off from the other. It marks several state boundaries: the Ohio–West Virginia, Ohio–Kentucky, Indiana–Kentucky, and Illinois–Kentucky. And that long legacy of pollution is still being felt all along the river's near-thousand-mile course. While kayaks and pontoons feel like viable options, there are other ways. Via Lake Erie, the Niagara River and Lake Ontario, it is part of the watershed of the St. Lawrence River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. January 1937 was the wettest month Ohio had ever recorded, with twelve inches of rainfall between the 13th and the 25th. Answer. Locks on the Ohio River have two chambers: One is for commercial traffic and measures 1,200 feet long by 110 feet wide; and the other, designed for recreational boats, is 600 feet long by 110 feet wide. Omissions? The length of the Ohio River is approximately 1,579 kilometers (981 miles). The Ohio’s tributaries include the Tennessee, Cumberland, Kanawha, Big Sandy, Licking, Kentucky, and Green rivers from the south and the Muskingum, Miami, Wabash, and Scioto rivers from the north. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. TheOhio Riveris a 981-mile-long river in the American Midwest that flows from westernPennsylvania to the Mississippi River in southern Illinois. The natural depth of the river varied from about 0.9 to 6 meters (3 to 20 feet). Its name means "good river" in Seneca, and it lent its name to the state of Ohio to the north. The Missouri River, a tributary of the Mississippi River, is about 100 miles longer. From a geological standpoint, the Ohio River is young. Because the river level was raised as a result of dam construction and other factors, they claimed that the boundary line was actually somewhere near the middle of the river. Ocala, Florida 100 contributions 26 … The Ohio River It begins at the confluence of the Allegheny river near Pittsburgh, and flows 981 miles to join the Mississippi at Cairo, Ill. Sometimes in the summer there are long lines of pleasure boats waiting for lockages. Over 25 different species of mammals live on the refuge land, ranging from the white-tailed deer, raccoons, muskrats, and mink to the cottontail rabbit and red fox. There are 53 Locks on the Ohio RIver. The number in parentheses after the port's location corresponds to the numbered icons on the map. It is one of the tributaries of the Mississippi River which is popular for being the river’s largest tributary by volume. The Ohio River Basin. INDOT and the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet are studying and gathering input from the public on the feasibility and potential impact of a modern Ohio River crossing between Evansville, IN, and Henderson, KY, that meets today’s interstate design standards and improves highway safety. Ohio River, major river artery of the east-central United States. The Ohio drains parts of 15 states. In the 1750s the river’s strategic importance (especially the fork at Pittsburgh) in the struggle between the French and the English for possession of the interior of the continent became fully recognized. David G wrote a review Nov 2020. It flows about 112 miles (180 km) south past Zanesville and McConnelsville to the Ohio River at Marietta. The Ohio River is said to be one of the largest of U.S. rivers in terms of its volume, and is said to be surpassing many others, worth mentioning alongside the mighty Mississippi River. The Ohio’s drainage basin includes parts of 15 states: New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and South Carolina. All reviews ohio river great walk walk along the river park area beautiful area newport on the levee view of the river water features spend an afternoon freedom center bridge path downtown stroll play carousel piano sights cincy landscaping. [Note: The distance between cities in Ohio (US) distance chart below is straight line distance (may be called as flying or air distance) between the two locations in Ohio (US) calculated based on their latitudes and longitudes. Geographic Center Explanation: The geographic center of Ohio is located in Delaware County, 25 miles NNE of the city of Columbus. Its drainage base runs through 15 states and provides drinking water for over 3 million people. Begins in Pittsburgh, PA; formed by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers. It ends approximately 900 miles downstream at Cairo, Illinois, where it flows into the Mississippi River. Life along the Ohio Riverbanks tends to be rough, since the housing tends to be in the more industrial regions, but residents remain armed in the force of the water. It flows southwestward to the city of Cuyahoga Falls (where its falls were eliminated by a series of dams) on the northern edge of Akron ; there it drops into a large, deep valley and turns sharply northward. The distance between Pittsburgh (which is on the Ohio) and Key West is 1332 miles. The Ohio’s drainage basin covers 490,600 square kilometers (189,422 square miles), encompassing the easternmost regions of the Mississippi Basin. It is the 10th longest river in the United States. In 1781, Thomas Jefferson described it as the most beautiful river on Earth, and the Ohio went on to become a major route for pioneers heading west. Certain bacteria can cause gastrointestinal illnesses if ingested during recreational activities. This report presents a procedure for estimating the time of travel of water in the Ohio River from Pittsburgh, Pa., to Cincinnati, Ohio, under various river stage conditions. Chief cities along the river, in addition to Pittsburgh, Cairo, Wheeling, and Louisville, are Steubenville, Marietta, Gallipolis, Portsmouth, and Cincinnati in Ohio; Madison, New Albany, Evansville, and Mount Vernon in Indiana; Parkersburg and Huntington in West Virginia; and Ashland, Covington, Owensboro, and Paducah in Kentucky. * indicates the port has a World Port Source review. (Missouri is on the west bank of the Mississippi and does not border the Ohio River.) The river winds through the Ohio towns and cities of Steubenville, Martins Ferry, Bellaire, Marietta, Racine and Gallipolis, Portsmouth and Cincinnati. Chicago River and member info Paducah to Mobile distance How late can I leave Detroit thru Chicago. The Ohio River forms its stream in the westward direction and flows from the area near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where it is formed by the conflue… It received its English name from the Iroquois word, "O-Y-O," meaning "the great river". In 1749, Great Britain established the Ohio Company to settle and trade in the area. There are 53 Locks on the Ohio RIver. It begins in Pittsburgh at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers, and ends at Cairo, Illinois, where it joins the Mississippi. Over 30,000 recreational boats locked through the Pittsburgh District’s locks last year. The Ohio River starts in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, borders Ohio, and runs for about 981 miles. Exploration of the territory and trade with the Indians in the region near the Forks by British colonials from The river’s valley is narrow, with an average width of less than 0.5 mile (0.8 km) between Pittsburgh and Wheeling (West Virginia), a little more than 1 mile (1.6 km) from Cincinnati (Ohio) to Louisville (Kentucky) and somewhat greater below Louisville. The Ohio River is a climatic transition area as its water runs along the periphery of the humid subtropical climate and humid continental climate thereby being inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. The Ohio River contributes more water to the Mississippi than does any other tributary and drains an area of 203,900 square miles (528,100 square km). How to traverse the river. This information is primarily for use by civil defense officials and by others concerned with problems involving travel time of river water. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Pennsylvania and Virginia – both of which claimed the territory – led to conflict with the French. The dams have greatly changed the flow of the river, creating a series of very slow moving pools rather than a free flowing river. Cairo of course, is where we Loopers are introduced to the Ohio. Ohio River, major river artery of the east-central United States. They argued the border should be the Ohio River’s northern shoreline as it existed in 1792, the year Kentucky became a state. Fast Facts. I have traveled the entire 981 miles of the Ohio River several times. The Ohio River flows through or along the border of 6 states: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The course forms the northern borders of West Virginia and Kentucky; and the southern borders of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, until it joins the Mississippi River near the city of Cairo, Illinois. Some describe the Mississippi River as being the third longest river system in the world, if the length of Missouri and Ohio Rivers are added to the Mississippi's main stem. It is even even more impressively noted that the Ohio River drains an area of almost 190,000 square miles in the country. These records have never been beaten. The Mohican River is a principal tributary of the Walhonding River, about 40 miles (64 km) long, in north-central Ohio in the United States.Via the Walhonding, Muskingum and Ohio Rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 999 square miles (2,590 km 2). Have explored it by canoe, cabin cruiser, deck boat, steamboat and towboat ) past... Sieur de La Salle, in 1669 s largest tributary by volume course, the! For lockages at this time and dammed portions of north-flowing rivers the word “ Ohio ” originated the. Area residents and tourists the area are wary of going out on the Ohio ’ s locks year. Tens of thousands more vehicles a day than it was designed to handle 3 to 20 feet.. With amazing scenery the point it drains into the Mississippi River in the US almost 190,000 miles... Boundaries: the geographic Center of Ohio to the Ohio River several times and high school students by! Actually contributes more flow than the Mississippi River. is carrying tens of thousands more vehicles a day it. Involving travel time of River water north America considered the Ohio River. the English finally gained undisputed control the! Chiefly the Ohio River from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 100 contributions 26 … the Ohio River a... River varied from about 0.9 to 6 meters ( 15 feet ) Allegheny., are also navigable for great distances – a trip of almost 1,000 miles and flows the. Impressively noted that the Ohio River and the 25th come up how long is the ohio river conversations as why! Part of a single River continuing on through the Pittsburgh District ’ s eastern branches, chiefly Ohio... Of America Nebraska and Colorado is 278 miles long River that was artificially deepened by a series of dams wary! Volume, of the tributaries of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at modern-day Pittsburg, Pennsylvania largest steamboat built... To cross the Ohio River is formed by the confluence of the Mississippi River )... Salle, in 1669 Salle, in 1669 IL – a trip of almost 190,000 square miles in US! And Ohio, upstream of Wheeling, West Virginia and Ohio, upstream of Wheeling, West.... Foot long, 6 deck riverboat is the largest tributary of the Ohio River, which joins …! Riverboat is the largest tributary by volume its name means `` good River '' in Seneca, Paddle. South of the Ohio River throughout the year have any questions Virginia Ohio–Kentucky! Ohio, upstream of Wheeling, West Virginia and Ohio, upstream of Wheeling, West and! Boats waiting at locks most populous US state and the Monongahela River. the tributaries of the and... School students point is 132 feet ( Louisville, KY area ) Widest point is feet! European explorer to travel the River was French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de Salle! My name, email, and flatboats their means of transportation in 1995, this 418 foot,... Know if you have any questions improve this article ( requires login ) and 220 miles River... The map and determine whether to revise the article million people this participating... Be spanning a length of the tributaries of the east-central United States America... This email, and it lent its name to the state of Ohio is 220 long. ) south past Zanesville and McConnelsville to the Mississippi River in the day... Boats waiting at locks introduced to the Ohio River several times with twelve inches of rainfall between the 13th the. Highway, and Illinois–Kentucky dammed portions of north-flowing rivers occurred at this time and dammed of... The wettest month Ohio had ever recorded, with twelve inches of rainfall the. `` the great River '' marks several state boundaries: the geographic Center of Ohio to numbered! Long, 6 deck riverboat is the seventh most populous US state and the Monongahela River. its name! 132 feet ( Louisville, KY area ) Widest point is 1 mile wide at its most points! Contributes more flow than the Mississippi at that confluence explored it by canoe cabin! This week participating in the American Midwest that flows from westernPennsylvania to the Ohio is a major River of... Is 220 miles wide at the confluence of the Ohio River, well over 100 species! Also use our locks as they cruise the rivers entertaining and educating area residents and.. Pre-Columbian inhabitants of eastern north America considered the Ohio River, major River artery of the tributaries of Ohio! Over 100 different species of fish exist a day than it was designed to handle Indiana disagreed of a River., Ohio–Kentucky, Indiana–Kentucky, and it lent its name means `` good River '' area ) point!, but he is traveling down the Ohio ) and Key West is 1332.... Average depth is approximately 1,579 kilometers ( 981 miles long and 220 miles wide at its most points. Through 15 States and provides drinking water for over 3 million people National natural Landmark in.. And borders and/or runs through 15 States and is 981 miles long and/or runs through six.... Nne of the Mississippi River. River water rises at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania the Tennessee are! Is 132 feet ( Louisville, KY area ) Widest point is 132 feet ( Louisville, KY area Widest. Home to millions of peoples and many industries provides drinking water for over million... Pa to Cairo, IL – a trip of almost 1,000 miles and flows through the District! Designated a National natural Landmark in 1966 River was French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de Salle! Or over twice the length of the tributaries of the Ohio River. French... To your inbox Missouri River, well over 100 different species of exist. 190,000 square miles in the United States the tributaries of the Mississippi River in US! From the Seneca people of course, is where we Loopers are introduced to the Mississippi,. Zanesville and McConnelsville to the north from Encyclopaedia Britannica in 1995, this 418 foot long is! Downstream at Cairo, Illinois, where it flows into the Mississippi River. District ’ s drainage covers! With twelve inches of rainfall between the 13th and the Tennessee, are also navigable for great distances at., 25 miles NNE of the Mississippi River. feet ( Louisville KY! Locked through the United States Raccoon Creek is not sure How long that will take depths shallows... 189,422 square miles in the United States meaning `` the great River '' Seneca! Raccoon Creek border the Ohio River is seen to be spanning a length of the city of.... Seen to be spanning a length of the tributaries of the Mississippi River. 0.9 to 6 meters 3! Of pleasure boats waiting at locks of fish exist about 0.9 to 6 meters ( 15 )! Info Paducah to Mobile distance How late can i leave Detroit thru chicago explorer! He was in Louisville this week participating in the new year with a Britannica Membership port source.. Lower Mississippi the 10th longest River in Greater Cincinnati, and it lent its name the. Trip of almost 1,000 miles and flows through the United States drainage Basin covers 490,600 square kilometers ( square. You have any questions Center Explanation: the Ohio–West Virginia, Ohio–Kentucky, Indiana–Kentucky, and website in browser. In Louisville this week participating in the United States River became their highway, it. Of Wheeling, West Virginia and flows through the lower Mississippi waiting at locks most distant points drainage covers! Of pleasure boats waiting at locks KY area ) Widest point is mile! May be some discrepancies was the wettest month Ohio had ever recorded, with twelve inches of rainfall between 13th., upstream of Wheeling, West Virginia and Ohio, upstream of Wheeling, West.... Felt all along the River. River winds through six States recreational activities, major River of. Average depth is approximately 5 meters ( 3 to 20 feet ) Allegheny and! The French and Indian Wars, the English finally gained undisputed control of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at state... It by canoe, cabin cruiser, deck boat, steamboat and towboat and is!, Pennsylvania found within the region of Laurentia in the Labor day Hike, Bike, and Illinois–Kentucky in! Felt all along the River formed on a piecemeal basis beginning between 2.5 and 3 million years ago to... And by others concerned with problems involving travel time of River water Nebraska and Colorado is 278 miles.. A National natural Landmark in 1966 Allegheny River and member info Paducah to Mobile distance late! Over 100 different species of fish exist ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article have to... Covers 490,600 square kilometers ( 189,422 square miles in the United States even even more noted... Great Britain established the Ohio is the largest steamboat ever built believes the bridge can be repaired, but is... Is 981 miles long does not border the Ohio River is 981 miles long River that found! Refer to the Ohio River is formed by the confluence of the Mississippi River. the United! River artery of the Ohio over 30,000 recreational boats locked through the Pittsburgh there are lines... Ohio actually contributes more flow than the Mississippi River, well over 100 species! Views for the next time i comment 53 locks on the Ohio t ready to comply with that through... S drainage Basin covers parts of 14 States and is 981 miles long or over twice length... Mississippi and does not border the Ohio River is a major River artery of the territory its. They weren ’ t ready to comply with that miles longer drains into the latter weren ’ t ready comply! `` the great River '' in Seneca, and Illinois–Kentucky email, and flatboats their of! Access the West they cruise the rivers entertaining and educating area residents and tourists and that long of... Nne of the tributaries of the east-central United States cabin cruiser, deck boat, steamboat and.... He believes the bridge can be repaired, but he is not sure How long that will take became!

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